Pacific County, Washington,
Dec 2007
Survival  101
Disaster, Flooding,
Power Outages, Fire, or
Civil Uprising  Etc.

      Adna, Lewis County   Washington,  Dec 2007


The word "Survival" can cover many things under different circumstances and to different people.  I guess in the simplest terms, if you happen to encounter a real bad situation and be able to tell about it later could be could be up for considering.   This does not have to be miles from nowhere on a hunting/fishing trip, but could also be around home if Mother Nature happened to have PMS and dole out LOTS of rain, WIND, volcano eruption, earthquake, fire, tornado or a hurricane, etc. that could effect you or your family's well being.  This could also be extended to major rioting, economic upheaval in a gigantic form, or anything that puts you or your family in a dire situation.  It could even be where you have been unemployed for long enough that you have become homeless.

Be Prepared ;  The number one thing that you can do to survive in any circumstance is BE PREPARED.   Pick out a couple of worst case scenarios and plan for them.  Now in achieving this goal it may NOT put you in a comfortable environment during the interim, but may at least keep you away from a unexpected appointment with the grim reaper.

The one most common situation would be a power outage.  This would probably be no big issue if it was during the summer, but winter is usually when you will get wind/ice/snow storms.  Most of the times these outings will happen at night. You may consider being sure that your preliminary needs are in one easily located location.  However you probably will already have a few flashlights in strategic locations around the house/shop.  Have some candles or a electric lantern as your first stationary light source, followed by a propane lantern.  On this propane lantern, install a striker or at least have matches nearby.  Also be sure that you have spare lantern mantles.  If you are on a well for your water supply, DO NOT flush the toilet, but collect at least a few gallons of cooking water.  Now this should get you by until you provide a heat source if needed.

Once your preliminary needs are taken care of, do you have a means of heating your home if the temperature drops below freezing for any length of time?  Again lights can be anything from candles to propane lanterns or to having a portable generator.  Does your incoming PUD power have a main disconnect so this generator can tie into behind your power meter so it can be isolated.  Is it large enough to run your house and keep your refrigerator and freezer functioning?  And if you live in the country with your own well, is it wired compatible with your well pump?   Do you have a SAFE source to cook meals on? 

To test yourself, pick one day during the summer and try to get through 24 hours with no power.  Make a list before hand and revise it afterwards.  I will guarantee you will find things you wish you had acquired beforehand.  Then when you think you are really prepared, do another test but for a whole week.  This may sound silly, but it may save your life, and at the least it will make you and your family more ready and less fearful of the unknown.  OR take the wife/kids on a tent camping trip for a week-end in a National Park.  Either of these will at least get you thinking.

There are a couple of web based survival companies who sell their prepared lists, supplies and food in kits.  Some are expensive while others may be more reasonable.  However the ones I have looked at, you need to pay even to get their list of essentials.  I believe the average American has enough intelligence to come up with a list on their own, IF they really thought about it.   At the very least, do some brainstorming with a few friends or neighbors to come up with your own list.  Remember, each of you may have some special requirements.

Get the Kids Involved ;  For those of you with children, you will need to consider their needs and education also.  Begin by teaching them very basic information.  At an early age have them memorize their full name and phone number.  Teach them their address, too.  Add to this their grandparents name and location.  In all but the direst situations, your home will likely remain your base of operations.  Teaching your children where your home is, how to get there, and how to tell others to get there can help keep them oriented in a crisis.

On the flip side of that, you also want to teach them about who they can trust and who they can’t.  You don’t want them telling just anyone they meet where they live.

Do not "protect" them by withholding your prepping ideas, they need to a be involved in those also.  A tent campout in the back yard would be a good start.  Then move to a week-end camping trip where they can get involved in building a fire and cooking a meal over the coals.  This could be fun and a learning experience for both them and you at the same time.  You may also have to do your own learning so you can better teach them.  If you have boys, get them involved in Boy Scouts.

The best way to begin preparing your kids for a crisis is to talk to them about it.  One way to do this is to talk about situations that have happened in recent memory.  You could talk about hurricane Sandy, or the Japanese tsunami, or the earthquake in Haiti.   You can also discuss current events in the U.S. that raise concerns for you—the possibility of economic collapse, the instability of key infrastructure like bridges and highway overpasses in case of an earth quake, or the likelihood of another terrorist attack.

The main thing is to underscore that big changes can happen very quickly, and they can happen anywhere, so it’s important to be prepared.  You however can leave out the gory details that might leave your kids feeling frightened.  

Get Them Involved, as your kids get older, whenever you’re doing preparedness training, building up your supplies, or running through contingency plans, involve them.  Give them a role to play.  Assign them tasks.  Let them learn along with you.  When a real crisis does come up, this will help by giving them a sense of responsibility and control.  Nothing breaks down mental fortitude faster than feeling helpless and useless.  

Help set them up with their own "Bug Out" emergency bag.

Evaluate Your Situation Beforehand ;  It will also make a huge difference if you live in an urban area, out in the country, or in lowland near a river or in the path of a major flood or near a possible volcano eruption. 

In many situations, you may be able to still stay in your own home, but may need electrical power, or a tarp to cover a roof that a tree fell into.  In those instances where you may have to move out, as during a major flood, or hurricane, try to locate a friend or two on high ground or in a different geographical area beforehand that you could move in with, or park your RV at.  Normally you will have a warning of some kind unless you are totally disconnected from the local and or world news. 

If you live in a city where everyone else will be evacuating on the same roads, don't wait, get out as early as possible.  Look at road/street maps ahead of time, mark them with colored sharpies and keep them in your vehicles, try to figure out an alternate route, even more than one would be a wise choice, then drive them occasionally for familiarization if you have to use one during the night.  It would be better to get out early and later find it be somewhat of a lesser emergency that was predicted, than to wait then get stalled in a major traffic jam, then run out of gasoline.

Each type of emergency will have different needs for different people.  Your imagination and ability to carry out your plan will be the limiting factors.  Your family will be your prime consideration.  Do you have young children or even someone under your care who is physically handicapped that would need special consideration?

When disasters happen, it brings out the best in people who up until then were total strangers.  You may find many helping hands even without asking.  You may also find that some of these hands are not extended in front of you, but behind you and, are trying to take advantage of the apparent weak/unsuspecting.

In situations like these, you can be mostly on your own as far as help from the police, fire department, even EMTs may be almost non-existent for small emergencies.

In most emergency situations, life goes on.  Those that have jobs still need to be able to go to work, at least after the main crisis is over with.  If you live in a rural area, there are still things that need to be done, even if you are retired.  If you have a farm, there are animals that depend on you.  And you may find yourself helping those that are less prepared than you.

You can't control if, or when, a disaster happens, however you can control how prepared you are, and that's why you need to make a list as described below.  These little things you do now, WILL make a huge difference in your future when that unexpected knock comes on your front door, or you realize things have went from OK to BAD and you need to be somewhere else SOON.  You may be fortunate and have an hour or two notice OR it may be only 5 minutes.   I suggest you get your list started today.

CLICK HERE for a few prepared checklists you can print off.

Emergencies Can Be Divided Into Different Groups ; (1) Those where you can stay in your abode.  (2) Those that you have to evacuate. 

Given the choice, most of us will want to stay in your own home if it is anywhere near habitable, or at least as close by as possible to be able to salvage some of your possessions IF they have survived.  This will make a big difference in what you need to do in a disaster.  And the disaster itself will dictate which it will be.  It will take a lot of advance preparation if you only have less than an hour to pack up and get out.  The #2 could also be broken out into the length of stay (short term as compared to long term).

In either of these choices, when things get dire, anything you have that may appear desirous to other humans, (or animals, both large and small for that matter) will be something that you may have to defend in order to keep possession of.  The NUMBER ONE item in this category would be FOOD.  If you live in a urban area, and you have a small garden, it could get raided.  Your pantry or deep freeze, or their contents are not beyond this confiscation either.   If you have a farm, either large or small, your animals could be slaughtered during the dark of the night by those who are hungry for food.  And in a situation like this, culling will not occur, but the ones that are the easiest to take down, possibly even your registered prize bull.   The NUMBER TWO item others would want from you would be anything that could be construed to be SHELTER.

Make a List ;  Put together a list and prepare some of the items beforehand which should all go into your GO Bag.   Some of these will be covered below, but to give you a short list to start with. (1) Have some cash in your emergency kit, at LEAST $100 per person – in small bills and rolls of quarters would be essential to your survival. (2)  Have the following documents in a re-sealable plastic bag already packed. (a) contact list, (b) meeting places, (c) insurance card and copies of your policies, (d) other documents like birth certificate, Social Security card, living will, possibly even a passport. (3) Medications and personal items including eye glasses, a roll of toilet paper, some hand sanitizer, and a couple of those little bottles of shampoo they give away in hotel rooms; then add your favorite pain relievers, or allergy pills. (4) Water jug, with the 5 gallon collapsible ones preferred, (filled with water of course). (5) Don't forget children's needs as a special blanket or Teddy bear.

Things You Can Do ; Waiting could be disastrous.  This disaster could be a Tsunami, major flood, earthquake, tornado, even a nuclear disaster, some of which you need to react ASAP.

Within a few hours of NOTIFICATION of a pending major flood or wind storm with possible power outage, grocery store shelves WILL be BARE and high possibility of no freight trucks being able to get in so they could be restocked anytime soon.  When an emergency happens, food prices CAN be rocketing higher, and so is the risk of breakdown in our modern just-in-time supply chain.  Most grocery stores do not stock more than a 48 to 72 hour supply, so if a run was made (for whatever reason) the shelves could be bare for some time or longer depending on the severity of the situation.

Whether folks like to admit it or not, incidents like the late October of 2012's Hurricane Sandy hitting NY and NJ, show just how precarious the supply chain is for items like food, water, vehicle fuel and electrical power.  Then we should all be able to remember the lasting effects and looting after hurricane Katrina on the US southern coast in 2009. 

The fact is that few are prepared by keeping the fuel tanks topped off in their vehicles, or to be able to feed themselves and their families for more than a day or two should grocery store shelves be emptied. 

Breads/pastries/packaged meals and meats would probably be the first to go, with bottled water and canned goods running a real close second.  Third may be heating supplies like propane bottles or kerosene heaters.  And in situations like this where there is an unknown, people do tend to buy more than they really need, (using that good old credit card) but then they have no idea of how long this situation will last either and preservation becomes primary.  Things could become real ugly, real quick, even inside these stores as the stock diminishes.

Safeway shelves in Chehalis Washington within just hours of notification of major flooding heading this way in 2007 Here, after the 2012 hurricane Sandy in a area that did not get severely damaged, but as you see, the grocery shelves ARE BARE

Partner with someone to share some of the expensive items needed, like a portable generator, power saw, 4X4 quad or a small boat.  Also do you or your partner/family have a physical condition where you/they may need help occasionally?  Or worse, if some of your family is so medically/physically disabled that just moving them creates a insurmountable problem.  Then in the partner situation, if things get hairy as to civil uprising circumstances, you can not be on guard 24 hours a day, you need to get some rest/sleep.  By choosing a neighbor/partner or two, you can trade off.  Here is where neighborhoods can band together for the benefit of all.

Evacuate or Not? ;  Most of the population (either local or Worldwide) will have some contact with the outer world and CAN be informed before a natural foreseen devastation will be on you.  One exception could possibly be a tornado if you live in an area where they can spawn.  Like the one 5-20-2013 in Oklahoma/Kansas where some only had 15 minute notice and total devastation was left in it's path.   Here the only thing to do if you are close enough, is to head for a tornado shelter and pick up the pieces afterward.

Another exception here would be an earthquake or a related tsunami where you may get no warning in case of a earthquake but possibly 30 minutes in case of a tsunami, depending on where it is centered and where you live.  Think about a earthquake like in Japan in March of 2011 and the following tsunami.  What/where would you do/go if one of these happened in your area if you lived anywhere near a coastline? 

We who live in western Washington or Oregon may be in line for a earthquake because of the nearby coastal Cascadia fault which is about 40 miles off the shore from northern Oregon to central Vancouver Island.  For more up-to-date earthquake information CLICK HERE .   You may well see apocalyptic landscape of collapsed schools and communication towers, crumbled bridges and office buildings, devastated water treatment and sewage facilities, ruptured natural gas lines and darkened electrical and communication grids for months.  The experts say be prepared, as it WILL happen, maybe tomorrow or 50 years from now.

Again, waiting can well be disastrous.  Just look at hurricane Katrena a few years ago and hurricane Sandy in the United States more recently.  Many lives were lost in both of these.  Officials called for evacuation on both.  However many people refused, some losing their lives by staying.   It is not just the life threatening situation of the imminent disaster, but the aftermath involved as to housing, road/bridge destruction, contaminated water, power outages, food distribution etc. that will effect your ultimate survival that you need to think about.

In defense of those who may have chosen to not evacuate when given notice, some may not have had transportation, or chose not to leave their home, along with not fully understanding what was ahead.  This could have been because of the possibility of the home being entered and belongings being looted or stolen while they were gone.  Others, usually the older generation, may have decided that if they were to perish, they would prefer to go in where they resided for years.  Each of us has to make our own decisions for what ever reason.  However those that stay may well add to the extra burden on law enforcement and medical aid units, or put local volunteers at risk when things get considerably worse than those that stayed behind ever envisioned and then later changed their minds.

If power were to be out in your area for up to two weeks, how would it effect your living/surviving situation?   If your food supply was lost or used up in 3 days, how would you eat beyond that time frame?  If your transportation was destroyed, (either personal or public) how would this effect you?  There are a lot of things to take into consideration.  Plan for the worst, hope for the best.  But do not count on any governmental help.

Short Term Disaster;

Have a Go Bag ;  Have a grab bag (sometimes called a Bug Out Bag) filled with the bare necessities if you have little notice (especially if you live in a urban area).  For those of you who hunt, fish or go camping, you may already have most of the makings of this bag.   A back-pack could be a good start along with a duffle bag filled with a sleeping bag and some clothing.  CLICK HERE for a link to quality larger military approved type backpacks.  Even a couple of airline wheeled travel bags could hold a lot and be readily movable could be a desired item.

Vehicle & Fuel It may not be practical to try to have a full fuel tank in your vehicles at all times, but you can refuel at the 3/4 point as often as possible and at least keep some extra fuel available for your vehicle.  Remember that all the gas station fuel pumps are now computer operated and the pumps are run by electricity.  If the power was to go off, no gas could be pumped without a portable generator being used and many station operators may not have made provisions for this or simply don't care unless they can up the price considerably.   AND most assuredly the price of gasoline WILL increase IF it is available. 

Gasoline or Diesel may also be rationed and lines to the pumps could be LONG for those that are open.  It is recommended that you keep NUMEROUS  full 5 gallon plastic fuel cans (10 would not be unrealistic).  The reason for 5 gallon cans is that they are in the size that when full, most people could readily move them if required.  Date them, keep them full AND STABILIZED and in a dark, cool location.  Rotate them by using this fuel in your vehicle so that they do not get over a year old.  Also keep some extra engine and transmission oil on hand.  Also have a siphon hose on hand.  Also consider that if you happen to be in an area that is flooded, the below ground fuel tanks of the fuel stations may become contaminated.  Purchase a couple of spare fuel filters for your vehicle.

Consider purchasing a medium to full size 4X4 vehicle with a heavy duty bumper guard on the front, if in case you get trapped in a traffic situation like a small riot (however stay away from any area where a any riot may occur), you may be able to bully yourself out of the conflict as if you were in a destruction derby, or go thru/over otherwise impassable terrain.  Even a electric winch on this vehicle may prove to be useful.  Many dedicated hunters already drive these types of vehicles.

If you do get caught even in a small riot, keep your vehicle doors locked and windows up and DO NOT STOP even at a stop sign or stop light if at all possible as this gives the rioters a chance to block you in or break into or overturn your vehicle.  Remember with most of the newer vehicles, that if you stop and put put the transmission into PARK, your doors will unlock automatically, allowing the bad guys to get to you.  Leave it in Drive, but turn the key off.

Maybe even a motor scooter or small motorcycle or even a quad could be useful under some circumstances, which could be used to get around in difficult places
and on considerably less fuel than a full sized four wheeled vehicle.   The scooter or small motorcycle would be very advantageous in an urban area.

How about being sure your vehicle's fire extinguishers are operational?  Even have a spare one.  Have a spare vehicle key hid outside/under the vehicle in a magnetic case.  Or on those vehicles that use a door keypad, use it occasionally so you remember the code.

An operational bicycle could also be a benefit to have on hand.     

Groceries Before hand, buy groceries in quantities so that you have a surplus enough to keep you thru for at LEAST TWO WEEKS --OR MORE at all times.  A month or two would be better.  Much of this could be dry goods, like beans, split peas, brown rice, biscuit mix, dried potatoes, even some dried milk, coffee or tea, salt/pepper/sugar.  Canned food like Spam, corned beef, hash or canned chicken or tuna that does not need to be refrigerated and can be eaten without the need for heating would be good to have on hand.  If you have any cooking facilities, then Rice-A-Roni or Macaroni and Cheese could also be added to the list. 

A case or two of military surplus MREs would not be a bad thing either, even if the expiration date was past.  Brownie mix would be something easy to fix and nutritional plus being energy efficient.  One expert also recommends including dried banana slices.  And don't forget quick oatmeal.  A few large bags of Halloween candy is a good item to have also.  All of the above mentioned foods would last almost indefinitely if stored properly.

A book on wild edibles could be very important, especially if it had color photos of these items.  Camping & Wilderness Survival book is one that you may consider purchasing.

A fishing rod unit and some tackle may also supplement your diet if you lived in a area that the conditions were right.  Don't try to use a fly rod if you are a fly fisherman, as you are not out for the sport now, but a more useful spinning outfit would be a better option.  Fabricate gear for a set line with many hooks on it would be more realistic.  By using this, you do not have to spend valuable time trying to catch fish.  You could check it once or twice a day.  Many states have declared fishing gill nets being illegal, but in a survival situation, you might want to do some internet research ahead of time and purchase books and/or net making supplies.

Dried/dehydrated foods can also be stored as a cost-effective and healthy alternative to factory-produced foods.  Learn how to dry fruits and vegetables.  You don’t need special equipment, either.  Fruit can be placed in the oven at about 130 degrees or on a cookie sheet in the sun under a sheet of loose plastic until dry.  Dried pears are a good item to have as they usually have more sugar in them than apples.

Extra salt should be considered in case your stay gets extended, whereby it can be used to preserve food, like drying/smoking.  Learn how to smoke fish and game meat. 

Water The human body can last a long time without food, but clean water is a requirement for life.  It lubricates the body and helps regulate body temperature among other needed essentials.  Dehydration can set in very quickly without adequate supplies.   Water is the single most important element needed to sustain life.  The water we use must be as uncontaminated as possible.

Keep enough purified water on hand.  A couple of 5 to 7 gallon plastic cans per person would surely be helpful.  Date them, and check it occasionally, dump then replace the older stale stuff.  If you live in a area where rain is not uncommon, make provisions to catch roof runoff water.  Installing a basic rainwater collecting system is easy and a wise move.  For a more advanced solution, consider installing a cistern, either underground or in your basement.  You can easily find the equipment you need at your local hardware store, or Home Depot.  The main idea is to catch the rain as it runs off your roof and guide it into a container.

If you are preparing for a long haul situations, a 1,000 square feet roof, a simple collection system can yield about 315 gallons of water from 1/2 inch of rainfall.  Your collection procedure should consist of a preliminary flush where you divert the first few gallons of rain water that washes off the roof which may containing bird droppings, chemical residue from pollution, dead leaves etc., away from entering your water collecting container.   However it would be best if the gutters were cleaned beforehand.  Do not use water collected from a roof for human consumption, unless you sanitize it.  You'll want to add a few important steps to your system which involve better filtration and purification so it's safe to drink.  The easiest method of purification would be treat it with Clorox as described below.  A gallon jug of clean water will can be a valuable barter item.

Have the ability to purify it by (1) boiling, (2) disinfecting, (3) filtering or even (4) distillation, then (5) solar purification.  You should purify all water of uncertain origin before using it for drinking, food preparation or hygiene.  There are many ways to purify water.  None are perfect.  Often the best solution is a combination of methods.  Before purifying, let any suspended particles settle to the bottom, or strain them through several layers of a paper towel or a clean cloth. 

(1) BOILING, is the safest method of purifying water.  Bring it to a boil for from 3 to 5 minutes.  It will taste better if you put oxygen back into it by pouring it back and forth between two clean containers.  This will also improve the taste of stored water.

(2) DISINFECTING, can be accomplished by using ordinary household liquid bleach.  Use only regular household bleach containing 5.25% sodium hypochlorite.  Do not use scented bleaches.   Add 16 drops of bleach per gallon of water, stir then let it stand for at least 30 minutes.  If the water does not have a slight bleach odor, repeat the dosage and let stand for another 15 minutes.  Agents other than household bleach, such as iodine or water treatment products sold in camping or surplus stores, do not contain the 5.25% sodium hypochlorite as the active ingredient, and should not be trusted.

(3)  FILTERING, is the fastest and easiest way to purify water, but you shouldn’t rely on filters that you use in the kitchen to reduce chlorine.  Consider purchasing the outdoor filters that backpackers use in the wilds which are small and quite portable, which can be obtained through online retailers like Cheaper Than Dirt.  These filters eliminate bacteria, while keeping the water tasting like water.

It is suggested to keep both purification tablets and a filter in your go bags, alongside any food, medical supplies and defensive materials.  It’s great to be prepared for disasters that cause problems, but you should also be prepared in case the situation becomes an apocalypse.

(4)  DISTILLATION, is probably not worth considering in situations like this, however it is an option.

(5)  SOLAR PURIFICATION, purifying water using solar power is a simple fool-proof method.  And all you need is a clear plastic water bottle, a piece of cloth and a funnel.   First put the funnel in the plastic bottle.  Then put the cloth down so it covers the entire funnel which is going to filter out any of the big particles.

Then put the bottle out in the sun.  Lots of bottles.  Now let them sit.  And that’s it!   If you’ve got direct sunlight it should be pure after 6-7 hours.  If it’s cloudy outside, give it about two days.

The trick is, the Ultra Violet rays pierce the clouds.  So even on a dreary day, the sun is purifying your water.

The town of Adna Washington 12-2007  just before dark.  The house in center foreground soon was soon swept away.  Note the helicopter above & the person standing on it's skid. A drift-boat & trailer that was in storage there, now on roof of a Fairgrounds building that had 14' of water in it.  This photo taken from a boat with about 8' of water still remaining.

Got an RV? ;   If you have a motor-home RV, travel trailer or pickup camper, keep it stocked and ready to go.  You do not have to spend lots of dollars on a large motor home that you may not use a lot.  Do some research and consider your current needs that may fit a recreational RV into and for a later survival situation.  Good older used usable units could be available sometimes in a economical price range, maybe not as fancy, but very serviceable even though some possible repairs may be needed.

Even a tent would be better than sleeping under a tree in a park or a field.  Maintain a propane bottle/bottles in the RV that is close to being full, or better yet have a couple of full spare bottles.   Extra sleeping bags should also be high on the list also.   Have extra wool blankets on hand.  A 10' X 12' tarp or two may be useful as a shelter in itself or as a additional shelter/awning to your existing unit . 

What if All Means of Travel are Blocked? ;  If a disaster happens that devastates roads/bridges (like a earthquake or flood) which creates any blockage to or from them, a vehicle may be useless.   A earthquake may damage or destroy many bridges or overpasses.  Or the over-height freight truck taking out a section of the I-5 bridge over the Skagit River in northern Washington state May 23rd of 2013 as seen in the photo below.  Just how vulnerable are we?

A almost unbelievable situation caused by one over height truck
I-5 Skagit River Bridge - Aerial View

If one of your escape routes happens to be along a river or over a mountain pass and there happens to be a LOT OF RAIN for an extended time, road washouts or mud slides are not that uncommon.

Keep road maps (both city and state) in your vehicle.  If you have a handheld GPS unit that you use for hunting, be sure the batteries are current or care the same as you camera or mini-flash light, where if roads are demolished this may give you some aid in locating optional traffic routes.

You could need to move on foot and possibly fast for a distance.  In circumstances like this, then the biggest threat to your survival is your own body, or your lack of keeping it in shape.   Is your cardiovascular system sufficient to sustain these efforts or are you going to be at risk of dying because you cannot get to safety in time?

Do you spend time at the gym, jogging down the sidewalk or out hiking on a trail, getting your heart to pump harder and faster so it too can be ready for whatever you throw at it?  If not, you are setting yourself up for failure.  In situations like this, your carefully stored food, CCP and your firearm stash is not going to get you out alive, it’s going to be your heart/lungs/legs that will determine if you live or die. 

Just as you plan the material aspects of your survival, you must plan on being fit enough to implement that plan. This discussion is addressing the most critical factor in most survival situations, the ability to flee and do it quickly.  This has to do with the ability of your heart to deliver oxygen and glucose to your muscles.  In an effort lasting longer than a few seconds but less than 20 minutes, glucose is what is being burned.

Also you should consider your feet.  If your heart/lungs are built up to where they will allow you to act quickly, but your feet/shoes are not also in good shape or the wrong shoes, all the exercise is worthless if you only have high heeled shoes or have to move with the aid of crutches.  If you are a lady, do you have normal walking/hiking shoes under your desk at work?  To exercise your lungs, here is a simple thing you can do a few times a day, even at your desk, that will help.  Take DEEP breaths thru your mouth, hold it, and exhale thru your nose.  Do this for a few minutes 4 or 5 times a day.  This will help build up you  lung capacity even while you are doing other things.  However if you or anyone in your family has COPD, you will have to take that into careful consideration.

Fire/Heating/Cooking Source ;   Keep some sort of a heat source on hand for heat as well as cooking that is readily movable, like the Propane or Butane camp style burners as long as you also provide for extra fuel.  Some of these units act as a combo heater or a cooking unit depending on the placement of the burner.  The small portable Bar-B-Que grills could also be used.  Having an extra or even two of the standard 5 gallon Bar-B-Que size propane tanks full and on hand is a good idea.   Even a case of the 16 oz. propane bottles would be a good idea.  Propane does not go stale like gasoline, but lasts indefinitely, so extras would be a good investment.   Stock up while you still have that option.

Even a outdoor metal fire pit made of a damaged truck wheel with metal grates and firewood could be used for cooking.   Or you could save a old Bar-B-Que grill plate and use it for a outdoor fire pit grill to cook on.   Of course any of these will be of little help if you do not have cooking utensils, pots and pans, or water buckets or burnable material. 

Now you will have to also have some utensils, like knives, forks and spoons, unless you want to act like a cave-man.  One item to consider is a Ka-Bar "outdoor diner" which is a folding knife with knife/fork and spoon blades that sells for about $20.00.

A Light Source You will need a means of supplying some kind of a light source.  This can be in the form of a portable generator, (you don't need a large one, possibly a 1000 to 1500 watt), propane lanterns, or Kerosene lamps, even candles.   Flashlights (with extra batteries) while they are only a temporary situation, but are still a needed item.   The head lamp lights are very useful in a hands free situation.  Which ever you choose, have enough fuel or batteries to carry you thru your expected emergency.  Even having a plentiful supply of extra fuel could be good trading stock as the emergency is extended.

Currency or Trading Stock Keep extra cash money readily available, one suggestion is to maintain a $1000 stash, of possibly 1/2 in $50 and $100s and the rest in denominations of $20 and under, up to as much as you feel comfortable with.  In addition $200 would not be a unreal number for each member of the family.  Also have a few rolls of quarters for use on smaller items.  However do not carry your paper money in your wallet, possibly a money belt or a clip-on wallet in your boot, but not something a pick-pocket could quickly have access to.  In today's economy where the interest rates are very low, even having a secure safe at home and some of your savings in it, has benefits by you having access when you need it. 

Some of the doomsday preparedness people say the paper dollars will be devalued badly.  However think about it, even if this happens and you have stashed gold or silver, how readily acceptable will they be?  Yes, these may be desirable in the long haul, but you will still have to survive in the interim and the current paper trading currency may be the only thing available.  And you may need the gold or silver a lot more later on down the road.

Have more than one major credit card.  Even though you may not normally use a cash machine, it may be good to write down your PIN number in a code (if you don't use it enough to remember it) in a secure/obscure location in your wallet, just in case. 

Seek out small inexpensive non deteriorateable items beforehand that may become in demand, and use these for trading stock.  This could include Butane cigarette lighters, candles, candy bars, sewing kits, safety pins, soap/shampoo, tube stockings, 22RF ammo, Sterno and or propane fuel canisters, etc., even toilet paper.

Legal Documents Get your legal documents photo copied and the originals put in a safe deposit box.  This could be your birth certificate, Social Security number, will, living will or trust, community property agreement, power of attorney, bank account numbers, property deeds, vehicle titles, passports, cemetery deeds, promissory notes, etc, etc.

Firearms ;  It’s also a good idea to stock up on firearms AND ammunition beforehand.  Not for the dramatic purpose of taking on the government, as some gun control advocates suggest, and not necessarily to hunt game with, but for the prudent home defense to protect you from that human predator if the time comes.   Because if you are the one who has prepared and they have not, they may desire to take what you have.  And IF "they" are a gang, or bigger than you (or have the means where they can bully you), you WILL be the victim. 

These firearms need to be selected carefully so that they are a common enough caliber that ammo is/will be readily available AND transportable if the time comes.  Here is really no need for a high powered elk or sniper style rifle, (however if that is all you have, then keep it).  One gun that comes to mind for a outdoor survival is a Savage model 24 over/under in 22RF / 410 or preferably 22RF / 20 ga. for a subsistence firearm.  The reason for the 20ga. being preferred over the 410, is that the 20ga. ammo is a more readily available and the price will be only slightly higher than the 410, but the 20ga. would be a better choice because of being more efficient, using a higher volume of birdshot equating to a better more efficient killing pattern for birds. 

A Ruger 10/22 semi-auto rifle with a 4 power scope would also be very hard to beat.  22 RF ammo is rather inexpensive and a considerable number of rounds can be stored in relatively small containers.  Also consider purchasing a few boxes of 22 RF Subsonic or CB ammo.  This can be used to shoot small animals or birds for food but yet not attract a lot of attention as they are so low powered that they make very little noise.   These low powered rounds will not cycle the semi-automatics, so you would have to manually operate them.  When things get bad, you could possibly shoot, opossums, pigeons, crows, sea gulls, even starlings for food.   Air rifles and sling shots should not be overlooked here either.

For a personal defense long gun, you need something that looks MEAN.  If the time comes that you have to stand in front of your family OR possessions, to protect them, you do not want a single shot or even a hunting type firearm, but something that anyone who has watched war movies will readily recognize without you having to verbally convey it's purpose to them.  This could be a Soviet military style AK47 or American AR15 type military rifles.  Have 15 or 20 even 30 round magazines (depending on the firearm) loaded and readily available.  The 30 round magazines in one of these firearms make them quite impressive.  And this is a time where you do not want to be hesitant in showing off your means of protection in situations if you have to confront a possible adversary.  You will probably not have to say a word, as they WILL (or should) get the message, IF NOT, then it is showdown time.  And if you back down, or even hesitate, then the game is all over with you and / or your family very likely becoming a casualty. But remember if you do,  REASONABLE and NECESSARY would be your legal guidance.

As for a handgun, a 22RF  to match your survival rifle's ammo AND a 9mm, 40 S&W or 45ACP semi-automatic for personal defense would be a good choice.  However if you already own a 357 or 44 Magnum and have enough ammo, these will work.  EXCEPT a high capacity magazine type semi-auto with extra magazines is considered way better in a defensive situation because of the ease of faster reloading.  Wear a concealed holster for your handgun, shoulder holsters or high ride hip holsters would be high on the list here.  No sense in advertising that you are carrying, as surprise is on your side in a situation like this.  Your adversary to be, will not walk up to you waving a skull and crossbones flag, but will approach you as a friend OR someone in need, then IF they decide you have what they want AND you are vulnerable, they will take you on when you least expect it.   Be VERY observant and suspicious of EVERYONE, don't let your guard down even for one second.   Do not let anyone get behind you.  Develop and sharpen your survival instincts and DO NOT question them.  It is better to be safe than sorry.

If you opt for a shotgun instead of the rifle, (however I would recommend both) then a pump riot type (18" or 20" barrel) would be the type to have.  The legal length for shotguns is 18".  They could still be used for shooting game if need be.   But choose wisely so that you have the ability to have enough ammo to get you thru any situation.  Or you can trade/requisition what ammo you need.   If possible have it use the same ammo as your survival combo gun.   Have your previous mentioned neighbor/partner consider the same calibers so your combined ammo could stretch farther.

Have a lot of ammunition on hand for all of your selected firearms, even enough that you may be considered a terrorist by some.  This could include a minimum of 2000 rounds of 22RF, 1000 rounds to fit your military type rifle and 200 rounds of shotgun ammo.  Keep this ammo in old military metal sealable 30 and 50 caliber ammo cans.  These will provide you the means of easily carrying at least a minimum quantity of ammo if you have to grab and run.  This could also include surplus military ammo bandoliers or pouches that you COULD readily carry what you need if The $hit Hits The Fan.

Sight in these firearms beforehand and become familiar with them, understanding their functioning before your emergency occurs.  Consult a gunsmith, have him examine your firearm and purchase a spare parts kits for them.

Firearm Cache Consider having some guns with corresponding ammo stored in a waterproof container, buried in a safe but readily accessible location, and not necessarily on your own property.

Firearm Usage in Defending Yourself or Family Just to be clear:  As far as many are concerned, the 2nd Amendment is a simple and unshakeable right that we of the USA are guaranteed.  What isn’t as simple in that fundamental right, is the enormous mountain of different (and often times complicated) local, state and federal laws that accompany our right to keep and bear arms.

There are countless stories of good people who unintentionally overstep the law related to firearms and pay a huge personal price later.  And while things like legal battles and court dates are not always avoidable after a justified self defense shooting, there are many avoidable pitfalls that people find themselves trapped in simply because they didn’t know they were there.  There is far more to being prepared and ready for personal defense than simply owning a gun.  If you have to use a firearm in a situation where someone is stealing your food or property, this is entirely different than PROTECTING your life.  If YOU perceive that your LIFE IS in danger, it is a lot different than your TV set is being carried out the door and the looter has their back to you.  You will have to make a quick, clear decision and hope what you are standing for is worth the outcome.

Again, if you have to stand in front of what you own or are trying to protect your family from a bunch of highly motivated or hungry rioters, do not try to do it with a single shot shotgun, but something that looks mean and ugly, like what is commonly called a "assault rifle".  Years ago before the AR-15's became common, a deputy sheriff told me that one of the best riot control firearms available would be a sawed off, Double Barreled, NICKEL PLATED, 10 ga. shotgun.  Big/Bad and Ugly.

However if you feel that you have to show a firearm in circumstances like this, you are putting yourself in a situation, where you just may have to use it, and IF you don't, then you may see it taken from you and used on your/your family.  You had better be a good talker and a very good poker player.  Again REASONABLE and NECESSARY !!!!!

In the LH photo below, I will bet the work boot shelf was not touched.

Looters after hurricane Sandy Property owners enforcement notice after Sandy

First Aid/Medical Conditions ;  Take a First Aid class and have a well stocked kit (better yet, have two) on hand that has a First Aid book as well.  

One thing I have used for about 40 years for burn treatment is Go Jo mechanics liquid hand cleaner.  As a mechanic/machinist I have gotten many BAD burns on my hands.   After taking numerous First Aid classes where they recommended holding your hand in cold water to ease the pain, I did one better.  During one of these instances, when standing over a sink of cold running water, I had to get back to work, so I just reached on the shelf and applied Go Jo hand cleaner to the burn, which relieved the pain.  However I kept it on the burned area, either by reapplying or holding a saturated cloth pad over the burn for a few hours. 

What I found was that this hand cleaner contains large quantizes of Lanolin.  A burn removes the moisture in the skin.  Lanolin helps replace this moisture.  The best way to do this on a hand is to apply the Go Jo to the hand and then slip on a Latex surgical glove, which keeps the Go Jo in place and keeps it from drying out.  I have had BAD 3rd degree burns to a hand, but using my method, and by keeping it covered with Go Jo for 4-6 hours, (for real bad ones I would go for 8 hours) no blister ever forms and you have to really look to find the effected area the next day.  The last one I had like this, 5 weeks later just the outer skin flaked off.  I mentioned this to a First Aid instructor and was told DO NOT use that as it has not been approved for burns, well maybe so, but if the skin is not broken what can it hurt?  OK, this educated idiot probably has never even had a bad burn of his own.

If you have young children in the family, their needs will be paramount.  Even games or Teddy Bears for them is important to keep them occupied.

If you or any of your family use medication daily, be sure to have some extra (however about impossible in the modern day computer age) so a simple way to build a small stockpile of prescription medication would be to try to skip your medication one day a week if you can get by.   If you need your eye glasses, keep a old pair available as a backup.  Spare hearing aid batteries for those who are hearing impaired may be a worthwhile investment but again rotate these also.

Keep current on your flu shots.  Have a well stocked medicine kit containing pain pills, antiseptics, bandages, cough drops etc.  Ask your family Physician what they would suggest in expanding your First Aid kit.   CLICK HERE for a link to a normally stocked kitchen item that has been used for centuries as an Elixir.

If you have someone in the family that is wheelchair bound and or on Oxygen, this will be a contributing factor in many of your decisions.

Personal Sanitation Having some hand soap and towels available to be able to wash up with would be important items in times like this.  Have a portable toilet, Port-A-Potty or even a 5 gallon bucket and extra garbage liners along with extra toilet paper available.  You can purchase a toilet lid assembly that fits 5 gallon buckets that works great.  Lime could also be used for the toilet disposal to help prevent possible later contamination.

Spare Clothing ;  Have more than one extra change of warm clothes, as you may not be close to a means of washing clothes for some time, other than in a pond, stream or river.  Even have fowl weather gear if it appears that need may arise.  A camouflaged jacket and hat could be a lifesaver as in situations like this you do not want to stand out in the crowd.  This is the time for camouflage clothing instead of your red or florescent orange hunting gear or highly visible boating type fowl weather gear.   A spare pair of outdoor type shoes or rubber boots might also be a good idea if you have the room for them.  Don't forget extra stockings as your feet may now be your means of getting around and you need to take care of them.   Again a couple of wool blankets may well be important.

What is Needed After it the Emergency Eases Off, or is Over ;  You will need to make provisions for recovery after things clear up.  Before hand, make a list and keep it secure of your insurance company's phone numbers, bank branch and account numbers and passwords, electric power company, possibly even take photos of your home and possessions then save them on a computer mini disc.  In all probability trying to contact the local law enforcement would be fruitless for anything unless it was life threatening or worse.

If this emergency happens to be a major earthquake, highway bridges and overpasses will be closed by DOTs for inspection of structural damage.  This could be the makings of public chaos, until they are declared OK, or even shut down if need be, requiring detours.  Just think about it, how many bridges would you have to use to go very far in the area you live?  If you can't get out, food supplies could not get in.  Some areas may be isolated for months, even longer.  All the more reason to stock up on your survival supplies, but with food being high on the list.  

Communications Have a working cell phone with your normal call numbers in the memory bank, plus emergency numbers and a 12 volt charging plug in unit.   Even consider a solar charger.  But be aware that the lines may become jammed with everyone trying to make phone calls.   If an emergency happens, the word is that cell phone usage will overburden the resources and calls will not go thru, but text messages will because of the less space they take up on the server.  

The word has leaked out that the U.S. Government has in force a plan that, in the event of another terrorist attack, will immediately cut-off EVERYONE's ability to use cell phones, as this is the preferred communication source used by terrorists and is often the way that their bombs are detonated.  How will you communicate with your loved ones in the event you cannot use phones, internet?  Bottom line is, you need to have a plan in place, and then a backup plan!

Have a emergency radio on hand.  These are usually operated by either household electricity, battery or even can be sonar operated. 

The small 2-way hand held rechargeable CB hunting type radios can prove invaluable.  
CB radio is a short-range communication system used by individuals and businesses alike, but the most well-known users are America's truckers on channels 19 or 17.  Another important channel is channel 9 which is reserved for emergencies by the FCC.  The typical CB range is two to twenty miles, depending on the terrain and the size of your antenna.  Use your CB radio during in a emergency by establishing a family-and-friends channel, where you listen at pre-designated times .

Purchase the marine survival whistles for everyone in the family plus your neighbors.  Set up a code system, write it down on each whistle so no one forgets.

If you store most of your information on your computer, copy it off/back up onto a mini disc often and store this in a safe deposit box also.  If you have the room, take your lap-top computer and charging cord if you have to evacuate. 

Communications Drills ;  Along with your rehearsed emergency preparedness drills, all members of your household should have a plan for communicating with each other before, during and after an emergency.  As said, a battery-operated walkie-talkie or radio (such as a Motorola Talkabout) in all of the family's Go Bag is a must.  But other analog signals are just as important, if not more so.   Signals such as lowering a flag or stacking rocks on your front porch can be used to communicate important information, such as that your family has evacuated to grandma’s house, or to your safe designated location, or that everyone is OK.  Disaster areas are typically littered with makeshift message boards, each filled with information left for loved ones.  By creating a few important analog signals, you can avoid one of these helpless feeling situations.

Establish a Rendezvous You will need to establish a secure central location so that if your family may get separated, that they all understand where to meet at.   Have a alternative location also in case the primary one is impossible to get to.  Even establish a final alternate location farther away in case of a local emergency, like Grandma's or uncle Charlie's out of the area.

Natural Antibiotics as Close as Your Pantry ;   In case an emergency cuts you off from essential outside services like power, water, or medical care, there are a lot of kitchen items you may normally keep in your pantry or under the sink that can actually help you cope in times of emergency.  They're useful for everyday tasks, but in an emergency they do double-duty.

VINEGAR : Other than using in cooking, vinegar's usefulness goes way beyond that.  Vinegar can be used to keep your home clean and sanitary.  In any sort of a breakdown, home hygiene may become more important than ever – it's the first line of defense against disease, which often follows in the wake of a disaster or social breakdown.  You can use vinegar to clean sink drains, to clear away mildew, and to deodorize just about anything.

You can make sure garden produce is safe to eat by washing it in a mix of four tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to a gallon of water which makes a sanitizing wash that's good for fruits and vegetables – it will remove pesticides and nasty germs.

You can also use it to treat mild ailments.  Dabbing a cotton ball soaked in vinegar on minor burns or insect bites relieves pain and itching.  Mix equal parts vinegar and honey and take a tablespoon every four hours to relieve a sore throat and cough.  Or even use it full strength for a mouthwash.  Vinegar is cheap and lasts a long time in storage.  Stock up!

HONEY :  Honey's good for sweetening a bowl of oatmeal, or tea, but it can do a lot more than that.  Honey can be a real lifesaver when it comes to health issues.  During any sort of social breakdown that makes it more difficult to get medical care, infection becomes an important concern.  It works as a natural antiseptic.  You can apply honey to cuts and abrasions to prevent infection.  You can also use it to treat many mild illnesses.  For one, mix honey with lemon juice to help soothe a sore throat.

BLEACH :  Bleach will keep your whites things white, but it's also an essential item in an emergency situation.  Bleach is good for sterilizing surfaces, but way more than that, you can use it to make water safe to drink.  Add 1/8 of a teaspoon of chlorine bleach to a gallon of clear water (1/4 teaspoon if the water is cloudy), and allow it to stand for at least 30 minutes. Then it will be safe to drink, cook with, or clean with.  Like vinegar, it's cheap and easy to store.  It could also be a great barter item in a crisis, provided you put away extra.

BAKING SODA :  Another common household item, baking soda can be useful in a number of situations.  It works well as an antacid.  Or for an upset stomach, stir ½ teaspoon of baking soda into a half a cup of warm water and drink it.  Repeat every two hours as necessary, but don't take more than 6 glasses a day.  And limit your doses to 3 if you're over sixty.

For relief of poison ivy or other rashes apply a paste of it and water for relief.  In a pinch, you can also use baking soda as a fire extinguisher.  Pouring baking soda on a
small fire will quickly suffocate it.

SALT :  This favorite food seasoning can be a lifesaver during turbulent times.  First, your body needs salt to survive.  Having plenty of salt on hand not only makes your food reserves more palatable, but also keeps this critical nutrient as part of your daily diet.  However it is one our earliest ways of treating wounds and staving off infection.  Even today, a saline wash is a typical first-line treatment for cleaning wounds or eye and nose injuries.  You can dissolve 1½ tablespoons of salt in one cup of water to make a 10% saline rinse that you can use to clean small cuts and abrasions. This is one more household item you can use to prevent infection.

Salt is also an excellent food preservative.  You can pickle and can a number of foods with salt and you can even preserve meat with it, should you be without power and looking for ways to make your food last longer.  Coating raw meat completely in coarse salt and storing it in a cool place (around 59 degrees) can keep the meat safe to eat for up to three weeks.  And, it makes it taste good when you cook it, too.  Avoid eating meat that takes on a bad smell during this process – it's a time-tested means of preserving meat, but that doesn't mean it's 100 percent foolproof, so use your common sense.

Between these five items, a few rolls of duct tap, and several packs of zip-ties, you'll be prepared to deal with minor illnesses and injuries, to keep your food supply safe, to treat water if needed, and to keep your environment clean and safe.  That's not too shabby using just a handful of things that don't cost much and that you probably keep on hand anyway.

Long Term Disaster ;  Many of the short term recommendations will apply here also, however, here things could get nasty and have a lasting effect on your lives.

Surviving an Economic Collapse ;  Now this will be somewhat the same as a natural disaster, but will be for an EXTENDED period of time.   However you will usually have some time to prepare for an economic disaster as they do not happen overnight iIF you understand and keep a close eye on national/world economics.   In today's world, you would have to be totally out of touch with the country's or world news to not be aware of the economy slumping or heading for the cliff.   Currently in the USA, our government is falsifying  data, "forgetting" to include some information, and printing money with no possibly way of ever repaying our debt, and the news media is not telling all that is happening, so it would be in your best interests to seek out other sources.

From the information I have seen, this collapse in the US will initially come in the form of riots and the President will call in Department of Homeland Security which will be operating under his newly agreed to United Nations guidelines.  How many of you know that DHS ordered 450 MILLION rounds of 40 S&W HP pistol ammo, and 175 MILLION rounds of 223 rifle ammo in March of 2012.  Word is that they are gearing up for a US civil war.   Then in late summer of 2012, DHS requested 7,000 M16 selective fire 5.56 caliber rifles equipped with 30 round magazines and another 200,000 rounds of ammo.   Then in February 2013 they issued another order for 21.6 Million rounds more. 

Also information is that there over 800 detention camps in the United States, many of these are fully operational and ready to receive prisoners.  Some are all staffed and even surrounded by full-time guards, but they are all empty.  These camps are actually military bases which can be closed down and to be turned into detention centers and will be operated by FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) should Martial Law need to be implemented in the United States and all it would take is a presidential signature on a proclamation and the attorney general’s signature on a warrant to which a list of names is attached.  Ask yourself if you really want to be on Ashcroft’s list.

Presidential Executive Orders associated with FEMA that would suspend the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights.  Some of these Executive Orders have been on record for nearly 30 years and could be enacted by the stroke of a Presidential pen:...  However Obama has had more written during his terms in office than all the other US Presidents combined.

Then in September 2013, FEMA ordered, (or tried to) 420 million MREs.  Start adding all these together, if anything scares you, this should, as something is looming on the horizon.  For a look at these existing Presidential Executive Orders, CLICK HERE.

And if just a economic collapse does happen, you will usually be staying in your home as long as possible in this case.  If the Presidential signature is placed on the Executive Orders that are on the books now, well the populace will be taken care of by other means.

China holds a trillion dollar note from the US, Russia is trying to buy enough gold to make their ruble gold backed which would make the US paper money virtually worthless.

LOCK AND LOAD BABY.  Don’t start the fight, but be ready to defend what is yours when the time comes.   However the best defense is a good offense.  Navy seal tactic, “when in doubt, attack, attack, attack” waiting for a superiorly equipped force to attack you first is called suicide.   So where does that put the average law abiding citizen??  That is the $100,000 question.

You can usually see this type of disaster coming if you keep your head out of the sand.  When this begins to take shape, get rid of as many of your expenses as possible, like trade you newer car that you still owe much for, in onto a older cheaper, but yet sound vehicle.  Start stocking up on food.  You will need to prepare for a whole different world than you know now.  Suggestions would be bulk rice, oats, wheat, beans, sugar, and flour.  Canned meats like Spam, tuna, chicken, beef and Rice-A-Roni would be good to have.  Being able to survive this will be a bit more challenging than camping out for a few days until the flood waters recede.  It is suggested that you make a list and re-evaluate it many times.

The more dedicated survivalists will usually be preparing for an economic collapse, which will take the longest time to recover from.  There can be good things to be said about preparing for this especially with the current economic downturn on our backs, but I caution you to consider your own situation, evaluate it, do some preparation but do not get hurriedly carried away.  Try to come up with a plan that will work for you.  If you have enough land, consider a small garden, (even a small greenhouse) a milk goat (not a cow because of the extensive need for it's food), and also a few chickens etc.

Do not be a victim of a hoodlum on a street or anywhere.  One of the best ways to avoid a confrontation is to project an image of strength.  Use the "whole awareness" approach to such situations---head up, shoulders back, confident full stride in your step, hands free, ears void of any obstructions and, YES, eyes ahead but scanning your environment as much as possible.  Direct contact with another's eyes should be limited in time to allow for assessing the situation/person but no longer.  A prolonged, unnecessary "stare down" in some "peoples" mind is indeed a direct personal challenge and known open invitation to a conflict.  Be aware, be defensive, but don't be stupid.

For those of you who may want to investigate this, CLICK HERE for a link to a very informational survival website.  This is a comprehensive website that even though you may not now be a died in the wool survivalist, it will open your eyes as to possible situations that you may encounter.

Do not go deep into debt to get ready for this situation.   You can be frugal and yet have assembled a well laid out plan.  Put together a list of necessities, then a sub wish list.  These could change at any point in time with updated evaluations.

History & a Look Into the Future ;  Now take a look back 60 years ago, the majority of the US population (75%) had ties to a farm community in one way or the other and the US supplied over 80% of it's own food.  Today, 2013 farming has changed, most of the little farms have disappeared and the ties to the farming community has shrunk to less than 4%.  Sure we export a lot of food, but we also import a lot.   What about this BS of ethanol fuel which the farmers raise subsidized corn to blend into the gasoline to make E10.  It has been proven that the costs to produce one gallon of ethanol is greater than it sells for.  Just how much of this cropland could be used to raise FOOD for us instead of contaminating the gasoline?  The prediction is our food supply will dwindle, prices will raise, AND our unemployment surely has not shown much signs of improving.  How many of the unemployed have given up looking for a job?  There will be a total economic collapse.

Consider what retired Lt. General and former CIA official William Boykin had to say in a 2012 interview:  "I'll be very honest with you.  The situation in America could be such that martial law is actually warranted, and that situation in my view could occur if we had an economic collapse... The dam is just about to break on our economy, and I think when it does, there’s going to be a major disruption of the distribution of food.   And I think what you’ll see particularly in the inner cities is riots, civil unrest that ultimately might justify Martial Law."

If the above is correct, riots will become common.  Now, of those riots seen on the evening news covering the "Occupy Wallstreet" protest, it seems to me that someone has to be behind them, supplying the logistic planning, transportation, signage, even food or money.  WHO, WHY?  Again the prediction will be rioting and the President will declare Martial Law, then call in DHS (not the National Guard as these are home-town boys).  The US President may also declare the country is in such a state of affairs that by executive order, he will suspend all elections so he can stabilize this mess.  Again WHO IS BEHIND IT?   It has become pretty clear after the 2006 election, that George Soros has his finger in these disturbances.

There very well could be a civil war, but who would the populace be fighting?  How does a commoner with a hunting rifle or even a AR-15 stand a chance against fully armed, body armored, night vision equipped, helicopter backup, trained SWAT teams?  Does history repeat itself?  Kind of sounds like the era of Adolf Hitler prior to WWII.  You might consider reading  "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich".

Louisiana's then governor Kathleen Blanco said "They have M16s and are locked and loaded.  These troops know how to shoot and kill, and I expect they will."   This was in response to the sickening bloodshed that filled the streets of New Orleans in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.  The troops were ordered to fire on civilians to keep people "under control." This included anyone and everyone who refused to be shipped off to the FEMA camps...   That sounds more like something you would hear on the front-lines of Afghanistan or Iraq... not in your own backyard.

Gun control will be on us big time.  For those who do not remember or were taught in school about Adolf Hitler and Nazism.  Prior to 1939, Germany passed gun ownership laws but with protection that it would not be registration.  Then later when Adolf took over, that restriction was removed and the Gestapo would come to the homes of those who were not friendly to the cause and who had firearms registered, and confiscate them.  If the owner said he did not have them, either lost or otherwise, a pistol was pulled and one of the children was murdered in front of the parents.  Again the question would be asked while the pistol was pointed at another child.  Then mom would immediately reveal the guns whereabouts.  Don't think this could not happen again!

After the tragic Sandy Hook school shootings, the US president Obama and other highly influential members of our elected congress, will use this shooting to do everything in their power to eliminate "Assault Firearms" from this deranged society.   They have an agenda and many others are not alone in the thoughts "Free men own guns, Slaves Don't" or "Guns don't kill people, people kill people"  or "If guns kill people, then pencils misspell words, cars make people drive drunk and spoons make Rosie O'Donnell fat".   There are already federal laws on the books that restrict sale of firearms to illegal purchasers.  I would not be surprised IF the pro gun organizations manage to block a far reaching anti-gun bill in the upcoming congress, then to see a Presidential Order bypassing congress on this issue by giving a Presidential Executive Order.

Miscellaneous It would be a necessity to have an axe or bow saw (preferably both) available.  If you have the room a small chain saw that may be a lifesaver.  Of course if you go for the chain saw, you will need fuel, or the oil to mix with gasoline, bar oil, a chain file, combo spark plug/chain tightening tool, extra chain and a spare starter rope.

A trail camera that hunters use to observe game could be useful if you get in a situation where you can not be on guard all the time.  Even night vision binoculars would be something to be considered.

A deck of cards may even help pass the time could save your sanity.

Have some darker colored 3/8" Nylon rope in 50' to 100' lengths.  A couple of 50' or 100' parachute cords (military OD color) may be useful.   One good thing about parachute cord is that it is made up of 7 smaller internal cords that run lengthwise.   These can be removed and used for smaller repairs like sewing/patching clothes or even fishing line.  The reason for the dark color is that you may have to use them for snares or as a perimeter boundary fence with noise making ability (tin cans tied to it with rocks inside) at night.  

At LEAST one hunting type knife per person would seem to be a necessity.  Then a sharpening stone sure would not hurt.  A Leatherman type multi-purpose tool could also be invaluable for each member of the family.   Plus a toolbox filled with normal mechanic's hand tools.  A few Bungee cords could come in very handy.   Duct tape can fix many things, even act as band aids, but it can not fix stupid. 

Emergency tire repair kits
and a road map of your state or adjacent states may be helpful.  A set of binoculars may well be beneficial also.

A few salt blocks on hand and kept airtight until needed (to keep them from absorbing water) could prove important if you lived in a rural area which could be used to attract wild game or preserving food.

You may even consider a small portable Oxygen/Acetylene torch/welding outfit.  You may need to be self-sufficient in more ways than one.

This list could go on and on if you want to play the "What Ifs" game and they could all be viable and worthwhile under the right/wrong circumstances.  However this preparedness game can get out of hand, depending on your finances, location and experiences.  For those of you who are a "City Slicker" with no outdoor experience other than a occasional backyard barbeque, your learning curve WILL BE VERY STEEP and your nose may become very flat because of that brick wall you ran into before you even begin to learn even the basics.

Again consider co-opping with neighbors to do brainstorming for a What If list.  Maybe others have different needs
and ideas that can be beneficial to all.

Normally you will not know how long of an ordeal you will be up against or to the extent it will play out to.   BE PREPARED.  Ask around and listen to people who have went thru natural disasters like floods or wild fires.  Do some research on the internet of possible past economic collapses.  Think and rethink out potential circumstances and revise your plan accordingly.

I do not consider myself a survivalist, however I believe that I could come thru most circumstances quite well.   I am 80 years old, in fairly good health, (my wife's health is not good however & I am her caregiver) I have worked in the timber industry in my younger years.  Have been a maintenance mechanic/machinist/welder/gunsmith all my life.  And still have a pretty well stocked machine shop.  We have raised horses, beef cattle, sheep, rabbits and chickens.  I have hunted and fished all my life, have a well outfitted 23' travel trailer and a couple of outboard motor boats, a 14' fiberglass open boat and a 18' aluminum convertible topped one.   I also own a 3500 watt portable generator that will run my well pump, plus power the deep freezes and refrigerator or the house if we are conservative and use the wood stove (and stockpiled wood) for our heat.  And I also just acquired a smaller used 1850 watt Coleman generator that starts like a dream and has enough to power my travel trailer's AC power just fine.

I have lived thru numerous major earthquakes, a volcano eruption, a few BAD windstorms plus a numerous record breaking floods.  My parents lived thru the Great Depression, lived on a small farm only a few miles from my current residence, and they passed valuable homegrown wisdom down to us 5 kids. 

I live in a somewhat rural area, but with neighbors and on a main connecting highway, with the closest town about 7 miles away.  The local PUD substation is less than a mile away, so we get power before most.   Here approximately 1/2 of the residents own enough property to raise an animal or two and a garden.   We live on the base of a hill that is about 40' above the highest flood recorded here.   If another major flood happens, most of the roads to the freeway or to towns will be flooded, but by traveling on the hills for a few days, we can get out if needed.  This hill protects us from the major wind storms.  As mentioned we have our own water well.  These being the case, I think we live in a pretty secure location as for natural emergencies.  God's Country.

Some very smart people say that good judgment comes from experience, which can in turn usually come from bad judgment.  Good judgment can also come from observing actions of others and adding that to your memory bank, which I hope I may have somewhat accomplished with this article for you.  If nothing else, this article may have gotten you to thinking.


Copyright © 2008 - 2016  LeeRoy Wisner  All Rights Reserved

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Originated 11-09-2008, Last updated 11-23-2016
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Do you know who Juval Aviv is? 

He was Golda Meir's bodyguard and the Israeli Agent upon whom the movie ' Munich ' was based.  Golda Meir appointed him to track down and bring to justice the Palestinian terrorists who took the Israeli athletes hostage and killed them during the Munich Olympic Games.  In a lecture in New York City a few weeks ago, Aviv shared information that EVERY American needs to know, but that our government has not yet shared with us.

A little background: Aviv predicted the London subway bombing on the Bill O'Reilly show on Fox News, stating publicly that it would happen within a week.  At the time, O'Reilly laughed and mocked him, saying that in a week he wanted Aviv back on the show. Unfortunately, within a week the terrorist attack had occurred.  Juval Aviv also gave intelligence to the Bush Administration about 9/11 a month before it occurred.  His report specifically said that they would use planes as bombs and target high profile buildings and monuments... I think we all know what happened, right?   Congress has since hired him as a security consultant.

Aviv predicts that the next terrorist attack on the U.S. will occur within the next few months.  Forget hijacking airplanes, because he says terrorists will NEVER try hijacking a plane again as they know the people on board will never go down quietly again.  Aviv says that our airport security is a joke – that we have been reactionary rather than proactive in developing strategies that are truly effective.  For example, because an idiot tried to light his shoe on fire, now everyone has to take off their shoes.  Example 2: a group of idiots tried to bring aboard liquid explosives, and now we can't bring liquids on board.  He says he's waiting for some suicidal maniac to pour liquid explosive on his underwear; government security will then have us all traveling naked!  Last but not least, our airport security looks for metal, but the new explosives are made of plastic!

Currently, our government only focuses on security when people are heading to the gates.  Aviv says that if a terrorist attack targets airports in the future, they will target busy times on the front end of the airport when/where people are checking in.  For example, it would be easy for someone to take two suitcases of explosives, walk up to a busy check-in line, ask a person next to them to watch their bags for a minute while they run to the restroom, and then detonate the bags BEFORE security even gets involved. In Israel , security checks bags BEFORE people can even ENTER the airport.

Aviv says the next terrorist attack here in America is imminent and will involve suicide bombers and non-suicide bombers in places where large groups of people congregate, such as Disneyland, Las Vegas casinos, shopping malls, subways in rush hour, train stations, etc., as well as in rural America this time (Wyoming, Montana, etc.).  The attack will be characterized by simultaneous detonations around the country involving at least 5-8 cities, including rural areas.  Aviv says terrorists won't need to use suicide bombers in many of the larger cities, because at places like the MGM Grand in Las Vegas , they can simply valet park a car loaded with explosives and walk away.

Aviv says all of the above is well known in intelligence circles, but that our U.S. Government does not want to 'alarm American citizens' with the facts.  The world, however, is soon going to become 'a different place', Aviv says, where issues like 'global warming' and political correctness will have become totally irrelevant.

On an encouraging note, Aviv says that Americans don't have to be concerned about being nuked.  He says the terrorists who want to destroy America will not use sophisticated weapons.  Instead, they like to use suicide, as it's cheap, it's easy, and it's effective – and they have an infinite abundance of young, ignorant, fanatic militants more than willing to 'go see Allah'.

Aviv also says the next level of terrorists over which America should be most concerned will not be coming from abroad.  They will instead be 'home grown' – meaning they will have attended and been educated in our own schools and universities right here in the U.S.  These young terrorists will be most dangerous because they will know our language and will fully understand the habits of Americans; but that we Americans won't know/understand a thing about them.

So, what can America do to protect itself?  From an intelligence perspective, Aviv says the U.S. needs to stop relying on satellites and technology for its intelligence. Instead, we need to follow Israel 's, Ireland 's and England 's hands-on examples of human intelligence, both from an infiltration perspective as well as to trust 'aware' citizens to help.  We need to engage and educate ourselves as citizens; however, our U.S. Government continues to treat us, its citizens, 'like babies'.  Our government thinks we can't handle the truth' and are concerned that we'll panic if we understand the realities of terrorism.  Aviv says this is a deadly mistake.

Aviv recently created/executed a security test for Congress by placing an empty briefcase in five well-traveled spots in five major cities.  The results?  Not one person called 911 or sought a policeman to check it out.  In fact, in Chicago , someone tried to steal the briefcase!

In comparison, Aviv says that citizens of Israel are so well 'trained' that an unattended bag or package would be reported in seconds by citizen(s) who know to publicly shout, 'Unattended Bag!'  The area would be quickly & calmly cleared by the citizens themselves.  But, unfortunately, America hasn't been 'hurt enough' yet by terrorism for their government to fully understand the need to educate its citizens or for the government to understand that it's the citizens who are, inevitably, the best first-line of defense against terrorism.

Aviv also was concerned about the high number of children who were in preschool and kindergarten after 9/11, children who were basically 'lost' without parents being able to pick them up, and schools that had no plan in place to best care for the students until their parents could get there.  (In New York City , in some cases this was days!)  He stresses the importance of having a plan that's agreed upon within your family, to respond to in the event of a terrorist emergency.  He urges parents to contact their children's schools and demand that the schools, too, develop plans of actions, as they do in Israel .  He says we should all have a plan that is easy enough for even our youngest children to remember and follow.

Does your family know what to do if you can't contact one another by phone?  Where would you gather in an emergency?  Aviv says that the U.S. Government has in force a plan that, in the event of another terrorist attack, will immediately cut-off EVERYONE's ability to use cell phones, as this is the preferred communication source used by terrorists and is often the way that their bombs are detonated.  How will you communicate with your loved ones in the event you cannot use phones, internet?  Bottom line, you need to have a plan!

If you believe what you have just read, then you must feel compelled to send it to every concerned parent or guardian, grandparents, uncles, aunts, whatever and whomever.  Nothing will happen if you choose not to do so, but in the event it does happen, I promise this particular email will haunt you -- "I should have sent this to...", but I didn't believe it and just deleted it as so much trash.